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DUEEC English

Presentation of the DUEEC

The training will focus on the following points:
· An important basic training involving Biology, Physiology, Pathology and Biomaterials.
· An introduction to research with the final goal of completing a personal project, supervised by teachers/researchers.
· A thorough clinical training designed to train knowledgeable clinicians, capable of curing simple and complex cases in endodontics and dental trauma.

The following points show how the proposed programme differs from the existing programme:

· Two years of training divided into four semesters.
· An important, personal piece of work completed by the student with seminars and regular evaluation.
· A European recruitment permitted by the proposed training in French and in English (Seminars and Exams).
· A clinical piece of work in pairs (French and English).
· A balanced approach to clinical practice/basic training/ interest in research.
· Involvement of many members from The University of Paris Diderot and Paris Descartes.
· Involvement of international speakers who are largely well know in this discipline (mainly Europeans). 

Foreseeable outlets:

One of the objectives of the training is to train future teachers in the discipline, and thus promote the recruitment of potential candidates. By focusing on the points written above, the training permits drilling both confirmed clinicians and meeting the recruitment requirements.

The proposed program responds point by point to recommendations recently published by the European Society of Endodontology, for recognition of training as qualifying for the European recognition of the specialty.

Recruitment (Pre-requisite)

Number of Students: Recruitment of 4 students every two years.

The candidates must hold a degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery or the equivalent for non French candidates (Europeans and non-Europeans) and the European University Diploma Endodontology, University of Paris Diderot.

Candidates with a Master 2 Clinical Endodontics Speciality are highly encouraged to apply (but must also hold the DUEE).

Candidates originating from non French speaking countries must justify their level in French by obtaining a minimum of 250 points in the TCF (Test de connaissance de la langue française- French Knowledge Test) (http://www.ciep.fr/en/tcf/tcf.php)

Recruitment Procedure:

· Call for applicants (in France and European Countries)
· Exam and selection of files
· Interview with a board of examiners

An advertisement will be made around 6 months prior to the start of the recruitment procedure.

The candidates must justify their interest in Endodontics , and their motivation to understanding the discipline as a whole and the basic approach to the clinic.

The residents in dentistry will be able to ask to integrate their training; The candidates must have submitted their doctoral thesis in Dentistry and meet the criteria listed above. The attendance requirements stay the same for the other candidates. A change to their timetable will however be possible according to the university obligations, but must first be granted by those responsible for the training.

The advantage of this approach is to provide optimal training for the student whilst controlling the monopolisation of the teaching hours of those that intervene.

To follow the course, the students must have the following equipment:

- A digital camera equipped with a macro lens and a ring-shaped flash
- A plastic or metallic device ring which will attach the box to the microscope.
- Software for retouching photographs and an archive system
· Presentation software (PowerPoint 2010 or Keynote).
- An endodontic search engine
- An apex locator
- An obturation device, type Calamus, BeeFill or Element (Sybron Endo)
- Books

For clinical training in Dental Hospital, instruments and disposable will be provided to students

Accademic presentation

Accademic directors:

  • Dr Stéphane SIMON (MCU-PH Biological Sciences and Endodontics) 
  • Pr Pierre MACHTOU (PU-PH) (Endodontics) 
  • Pr Ariane BERDAL (PU-PH – Biological Sciences) 

Place of teaching/training:

• Faculty of Dentistry, University Paris 7-Denis Diderot.
• Research Centre Cordeliers - 15-21 rue de l'Medical School – Paris

· Dental Hospital, Groupe Hospitalier de la Pitié Salpêtrière led by Pr Jean Azerad

Organisation of the course :

The course is  full time (4 days a week at the dental hospital and one day at the University/research laboratory)

The accademic training consists of teaching in the form of seminars, directed learning, literature reviews and supplemented by clinical training provided in the service of la Pitié Salpétrière Dentistry.

Organisation of teaching:

The 2 years are split into 4 terms:

· Term 3: Clinical training + Personal Project + Seminars + Literature reviews
· Term 4: Clinical training + Personal Project + Seminars + Literature reviews
· Term 5: Clinical training + Personal Project + Seminars + Literature reviews
· Term 6: Clinical training + Personal Project + Seminars + Literature reviews

Teacher training is composed of a series of additional training and seminars - 

Course III: Advanced Clinical Training

The course is composed of many seminars. The lessons are mainly conducted in English.
The validation of the course is necessary for validating the diploma (see chapter on evaluation methods).

Some of them are shared lectures with Postgraduate programm od periodontology and Implantology. 

After acquisition of the fundamentals, the training of the student will be completed with directed lessons, review sessions of literature whose program will be fixed later.

For the non holding of Master of Clinical Science in endodontics, the students will also have to register at the Master of Clinical Science in endodontics course. The time table will be fitted for allowing the student to follow the courses of this programm.

Clinical Training:

Clinical training will take place in the service of Hospitalier de la Pitié Salpêtrière led by Pr Jean Azerad.

The students will have to treat the patients who present complex endodontic cases. Their training will be provided to optimise their skills in the following areas:

• Diagnosis
• Emergency Treatment
• Management of patients with general diseases or disabilities
• Initial endodontic treatment
• Endodontic Retreatment
• Endodontic Surgery
• Traumatology
• Integration of endodontics in the overall simple and complex treatment plan.

Evaluation of candidates and exams

Attendance :

The presence of all students at all the lectures/seminars is mandatory. The timetables will be given at the beginning of the year. Any medical reason absences must be justified with a doctor’s certificate.

The candidate must also provide proof of their attendance to clinical services and schedule adherence.
Failure to follow these rules will result in expulsion from the course and no diploma.

Validation of learning and graduation

To validate the European University Clinical Diploma of Endodontology (DUEEC) of University of Paris Diderot, the candidate must give proof of each of the following points:

· Prove their presence at seminars, directed teaching, practical work and attendance at clinical services.
· Obtain the general average in their exams. Any student who fails must re-take the final exam in the second session. In the case of a further fail, the candidate will not be allowed to continue the clinical phase training but must re-take the exam of the course concerned with the following advancement. Validation of the course is essential for carrying on following the curriculum.
· Obtain the average for the defence of the dissertation. (see the rules on how to obtain the dissertation in the following paragraph).
· Prove the submission/acceptance of a publication in an Endodontic newspaper or of internationally renowned scientists with a reading committee or an oral / displayed at a convention of endodontics or biological sciences / biomaterials of international fame.
· Provide evidence of 180 cases validated by teachers supervising the training. 

At the end of every smester, an oral evaluation of ach canddate is scheduled.
At the end of the semester 4, the student must have completed a minimum of 80 clinica cases to follow the course. Inase of the student has not completed the required number of cases, the jury can decide to fire the student and not to allow him/her to pursue the course. In that case, the student gets the DUEE diploma only

The theoretical training is broken down into several seminars (see program)

At the end of each seminar the students will be evaluated with a multiple choice exam.

At the end of the course, the student will be evaluated with an exam containing a 3 hour test (one or more essay questions) and a 3 hours test (analysing a scientific article).

The module must be validated by the candidate obtaining the average of 10/20. The final average is 70% of the score of the final examination , and 30% of the marks of the MCQs.

Personal work for student and seminars.

The DUEEC training is organised in a way to fully optimise the personal work of the student. Many weeks before each seminar, the student will receive the list of documents which they must have consulted and studied thoroughly before attending the seminar. Attendance at the entire of the seminar is required (see chapter on attendance). The seminar aims to go over and make point of the themes that the student has previously prepared. At the beginning of each seminar, there will be a small exam to text the knowledge of the student.

To follow the training, the student must have the following material:

· Camera equipped with a digital photograph macro lens and a ring flash
· A ring to adapt the camera on the operative microscope.
· Software to retouch photographs and an archive system
· Presentation software (PowerPoint 2010 or Keynote).

For clinical training in hospitals, the instruments and material will be provided for the students.

Research Project:

· At the beginning of the first term, each candidate will be assigned a research topic and a tutor to provide coaching throughout the process. The candidate will then have 4 terms to complete his project, write the dissertation and submit a manuscript to a scientific journal or a presentation in a journal/internationally renowned conference.
· An evaluation of the progress of his work will be carried out midterm by officials of the diploma.
· The final evaluation will be carried out ​​by a jury composed of 3 training officers + 3 other members of the University of Paris 7 and an external member. The 20 minute oral presentation will be given ​​in English and will be followed by the questions from the jury.
· Following the presentations, the jury will deliberate in a closed session and will use the following assessment:

    • Validation with honours from the jury 
    • Validation 
    • Minor changes must be made ​​before reprinting 
    • Major changes must be made ​​and the candidate must retake the defence of dissertation. 
    • Dismissal without opportunity for candidates to submit their work again 
In the two later cases, the jury gives its reasons in a written report.

Change of subject during the course:

The candidate will not be able to change the subject of his dissertation at his own discretion. If he wishes to do so, he must justify his decision through a written request to those in charge of the training. Depending on the items on his record, only those responsible, after an interview with the candidate may, if deemed necessary, change the subject and / or guardian responsible for the supervision of the candidate.

No other form of amendment will be accepted, and any breach of this procedure will result in de facto non-validation of training and result in failure of the training.

Format of the manuscript:

· The dissertation must follow a particular format of which shall be specified at the time of the distribution of subjects.
· The format of typography will be a document that will be given to the candidate when selecting a topic. Failure of the requested format will be a condition of non-validation.
· Written language will be French or preferably English.
· If the work has been published, it will be attached at the end of the dissertation.
· A copy of the manuscript will be sent to each member of the board and administration 30 days before the defence date. Any failure to do so will result in the invalidation of the review, and candidates must wait for the next session to re-present his application.